However, too high concentrations of cobalt may damage human health. 6. Symptoms of cobalt deficiency: Anemia, decreased nerve function. Most of the human body is made up of water, H 2 O, with bone cells being comprised of 31% water and the lungs 83%. Instead, other metals and minerals (metals are one type of mineral) are more important for our health (see "What essential metals do for us"). But they're more precious for the global economy than for human health. Cobalt is a component of vitamin B12, which supports the production of red blood cells. Although required in very small amounts, trace elements such as iron, iodine, fluoride, copper, zinc, chromium, selenium, manganese and molybdenum are vital for maintaining health. The human body requires vitamin B12 in small amounts to carry on with its daily activities and bodily maintenance. Cobalt is an essential micromineral, although the body only needs a small amount. Carbon, the basic unit for organic molecules, comes in second. "Each one plays a role in hundreds of body functions. Indeed, some of them are so important that we can't live without them. Little evidence exists that cobalt plays a role in human nutrition other than its being a part of vitamin B12 (cobalamin). Cobalt is an essential trace element for the human body and can occur in organic and inorganic forms. What is Cobalt Used For in The Body – Cobalt Function. 2006 May 21;147(20):925-30. Review. Trace amounts of cobalt are found in most foods. It’s best to take cobalt in vitamin B-12. Vitamin B12 plays a key role in metabolizing folic acids and fatty acids. This is the case with pernicious anemia. The human body requires minerals to convert food into energy, to prevent dehydration and to regulate the function of the heart and skeletal, muscular and nervous systems. Foods high in vitamin B-12 are the only source of cobalt used by the body. Anemia is a main cause of a cobalt deficiency. Therefore, it isn't surprising that most of a human body's mass is oxygen. The role of macro-elements in the human body Lakatos B, Balla J, Vinkler P, Szentmihályi K. Orv Hetil. As an essential trace mineral, cobalt forms an important part of the vitamin called Vitamin B12. Cobalt is a naturally occurring element in the earth's crust. The total daily intake of cobalt is variable and may be as much as 1 mg, but almost all will pass through the body unadsorbed, except that in vitamine B 12. Very small amounts are needed for animals and humans to stay healthy. Cobalt is used to treat anaemia with pregnant women, because it stimulates the production of red blood cells. Importance of Trace Elements in the Human Body. If you have a cobalt deficiency, this also means you have a vitamin B-12 deficiency. Hungarian. Cobalt poisoning can occur when you are exposed to large amounts of it. Cobalt (Co) Roles of cobalt in the body: Cobalt helps treat illnesses such as anemia and some infectious diseases; absorption and processing of vitamin B12; aids in repair of myelin, which surrounds and protects nerve cells; helps in the formation of hemoglobin in red blood cells. It is a very small part of our environment. The absorption of iron, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, copper and zinc in the jejunum-ileum of control and iron-deficient rats. The organic form is a necessary component of vitamin B12 and plays a very important role in forming amino acids and some proteins in nerve cells, and in creating neurotransmitters that are indispensable for correct functioning of the organism. Vitamin B-12, with the assistance of cobalt, is part of DNA synthesis, which is responsible for all genetic expression. Cobalt increases the body’s ability to absorb it. 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