Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Pope Sixtus II or Pope Saint Sixtus II (a corruption of Greek Ξυστος, Xystus, "polished") was Pope from 30 August 257 to 6 August 258. Our pope this week is one of the greatest heroes of the ancient Church that you’ve never heard of. Pope St. Sixtus I (in the oldest documents, Xystus is the spelling used for the first three popes of that name), succeeded St. Alexander and was followed by St. Telesphorus.According to the "Liberian Catalogue" of popes, he ruled the Church during the reign of Adrian "a conulatu Nigri et Aproniani usque Vero III et Ambibulo", that is, from 117 to 126. It is certain that Pope Sixtus II is not their author (see Conybeare, "The Ring of Pope Xystus now first rendered into English, with an historical and critical commentary", London, 1910). Pope Sixtus's tomb was destroyed in the Sack of Rome in 1527. He was martyred along with six deacons— Januarius, Vincentius, Magnus, Stephanus, Felicissimus and Agapitus. Bishops, priests, and deacons could be put to death without a trial. He was elected in August 257 to succeed Pope St. Stephen I, during whose pontificate there arose a conflict with certain Eastern churches over the rebaptism of converted heretics. Pope Sixtus II (died 6 August 258) was the Pope or Bishop of Rome from 31 August 257 until his death on 6 August 258. Saint Nicholas December 06. Sixtus II was one of the early popes who came from Greece. Date Event Title; 31 Aug 257: Elected: Pope (Roma {Rome}, Italy) 6 Aug 258: Died: Pope (Roma {Rome}, Italy) MicroData Summary for St. Sixtus (VIAF: 1336166) Pope St. Sixtus (died 6 Aug 258) Pope of Roma {Rome} Event Place Birth Place: Greece; The martyrdom of St. Sixtus was dramatic. Pope Sixtus V (December 13, 1521 - August 27, 1590), born Felice Peretti di Montalto, was Pope from April 24, 1585 to August 27, 1590. The remains of Sixtus were transferred by the Christians to the papal crypt in the neighbouring cemetery of St. Callistus. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Saint-Sixtus-II. Elected 31 Aug., 257, martyred at Rome, 6 Aug., 258. He thus restored relations with those churches that had been severed by Stephen because of the conflict and sent an envoy to Bishop St. Cyprian of Carthage, Stephen’s opponent. for more about Pope Sixtus, see http://catholicsaints.info/pope-saint-sixtus-ii/ Updates? This Week's Stories. [1] Lawrence of Rome, his best-known deacon, suffered martyrdom on 10 August, four days after his bishop.[3]. Corrections? He was known as "the Warrior Pope." Saint Sixtus II, (born, Greece?—died Aug. 6, 258, Rome [Italy]; feast day August 7), pope from 257 to 258, one of the early Roman Church’s most venerated martyrs. Public Domain via Wikimedia. St Sixtus and Companions by Fra Angelico Saint Sixtus II, Pope, and Companions, MartyrsEarly Third Century – 258 August 7—Optional MemorialLiturgical Color: RedPatron Saint of Bellegra, Italy The Pope is murdered in cold blood The sixth pope was named the “Sixth” or, in Latin, “Sixtus.” He reigned from 115–125 A.D. They remained in that position in the General Roman Calendar until 1969, when, with the abolition of commemorations, the memorial of Sixtus "and his companions" was moved to 7 August, the day immediately after that of their death.[4]. Today, his remains, along with the remains of his nephew Pope Julius II (Giuliano della Rovere), are interred in St. Peter's Basilica, in the floor in front of the monument to Pope Clement X. 16. Pope Saint Sixtus II (also called Xystus, meaning "polished") was bishop of Rome from August 30, 257 to August 6, 258.He died a brutal death as a martyr during the persecution of Christians by Emperor Valerian. Vicar of Jesus Christ. Successor of the Prince of the Apostles. Life; Legacy; See … Pope St. Sixtus II. His family was poor. Worked in Italy. Julius II viewed as the main task of his pontificate the restoration of the Papal States, which had been reduced to ruin by the Borgias.Large portions of it had been appropriated by Venice after Alexander VI’s death. Of Greek origin, Sixtus was a deacon of the Church of Rome under Bishop Stephen.Nothing is known of his early life. Subsequent legend wrongly claims his martyrdom by crucifixion. The "Liber Pontificalis" says that he was a Greek by birth, but this is probably a mistake, originating from the false assumption that he was identical with a Greek philosopher of the same name, who was the author of the so-called "Sentences" of Xystus. Sixtus II is referred to by name in the Roman Canon of the Mass. He was martyred along with seven deacons, including Lawrence of Rome during the persecution of Christians by Emperor Valerian. Learn how Saint Nicholas became a part of Christmas in a biography written for children. He was only pope for a short time, but his witness and heroic martyrdom left a mark that has echoed down through the centuries. Image credit: Pope Sixtus II by Sandro Botticelli, 15th century. Pope Sixtus IV (21 July 1414 – 12 August 1484), born Francesco della Rovere, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 9 August 1471 to his death. Pope Sixtus V brief, 1586. Rufinus ascribes them to Sixtus of Rome, bishop and martyr. You can read about the beheading of Pope Saint Sixtus II and his life in this article. Pope Sixtus II was one of the first victims of this persecution, being beheaded on 6 August. Well, at least, not until now. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. He died a martyr. Almost 18 centuries, in fact. Sixtus II (XYSTUS), Saint, POPE, elected August 31, 257, martyred at Rome, August 6, 258.His origin is unknown. He was martyred along with six deacons— Januarius, Vincentius, Magnus, Stephanus, Felicissimus and Agapitus. Pope Sixtus II was bishop of Rome from 31 August 257 until his death on 6 August 258. He succeeded Pope Alexander I and was in turn succeeded by Pope Telesphorus. A Greek pope, Sixtus II led the Church during Emperor Valerian's rule, a difficult time for Christians. He was martyred along with seven deacons, including Lawrence of Rome during the persecution of Christians by Emperor Valerian. Although Stephen firmly upheld the Roman rule that rendered … His alleged authorship of the Sentences of Sextus (a collection of maxims on spiritual perfection) is dubious. His feast is celebrated on 6 April. Pope Julius II appears to have been more interested in the status of the papacy than his own personal fame; nevertheless, his name will be forever linked with some of the most remarkable artistic works of the 16th century. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Ruled from 257-258. From the Catholic Encyclopedia (XYSTUS). …a vigorous reformer who succeeded Sixtus II as pope, faced the urgent task of reorganizing the church....…, …the Roman church serving Pope Sixtus II, whose martyrdom preceded Lawrence’s by a few days: they were...…, Roman Catholicism, Christian church that has been the decisive spiritual force in the history of Western...…. Political activities. Contents[show] Biography Early life Felice Peretti was born on December 13, 1521 at Grottammare, in the Papal States, to Pier Gentile (also known as Peretto Peretti), and Marianna da Frontillo. Buried in the nearby cemetery of Callistus, Sixtus later became one of the most revered martyrs of the early church. Sixtus II had to be consecrated as Pope in secret because of the times. [1] Contents. Like his predecessor Stephen, Sixtus believed that baptism is a once-in-a-lifetime event, but unlike Stephen, Sixtus tolerated those who rebaptized. creatorOf: Sixtus V, Pope, 1520-1590. The next Sixtus was today’s… Lawrence of Rome, his best-known deacon, suffered martyrdom on 10 August, 3 days after his bishop, as Sixtus had prophesied. In the persecutions under Emperor Valerian in 258, numerous bishops, priests, and deacons were put to death. Sixtus avoided persecution for many months. He was martyred along with six deacons during the persecution of the Catholic Church by Emperor Valerian. Although Stephen firmly upheld the Roman rule that rendered rebaptism unnecessary, Sixtus, supposedly influenced by Bishop St. Dionysius the Great of Alexandria, adopted a more conciliatory attitude by tolerating the Eastern policies of rebaptism. He was elected in August 257 to succeed Pope St. Stephen I, during whose pontificate there arose a conflict with certain Eastern churches over the rebaptism of converted heretics. He died a martyr during the persecution of emperor Valerian. He died as a martyr during the persecution by Emperor Valerian. As a first step as pope, Julius subjugated Perugia and Bologna in the autumn of 1508. A Roman of Greek descent, Sixtus was elected to the papacy in 257. A new edict focused on essential targets. Supreme Pontiff of the Universal Church. Bishop of Rome. On August 6, 258, Pope Sixtus II was with his flock, seated and preaching the word of God, probably at Mass, in the catacombs. His origin is unknown. The faithful offered their necks to the sword, but as soon as the Pastor saw the ones who wished to rob him of the palm (of martyrdom) he was the first to offer himself and his own head, not tolerating that the (pagan) frenzy should harm the others. He is commemorated on August 7.. Life. Born in Greece, he was pope for just a short period before becoming a martyr for his position and beliefs. Harnack (Texte und Untersuchungen zur altchrist. Born: the 3rd Century in Greece, Europe. He was the nephew of Pope Sixtus IV. The feast of St. Sixtus II and these six deacons is celebrated on 6 August, the day of their martyrdom. But in early August 258, Valerian got serious. Pope Sixtus II was bishop of Rome from 31 August 257 until his death on 6 August 258. Sixtus II & Felicissimus & Agapitus here and here St. Cajetan Cajetan, a co-founder of the Theatines, received the office of protonotary at Rome from Pope Julius II when still quite young. 257.08.30 – 258.08.06. Saint Pope Sixtus II. 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