Donate Now . The battle was a pivotal event in the Southern campaign. After an hour of battle, Ferguson was fatally shot while trying to break the rebel line, after which his men surrendered. The Loyalists were driven back into their camp, where they began to surrender. Desc: Kings Mountain is a small suburban city within the Charlotte metropolitan area in Cleveland and Gaston counties, North Carolina, United States.Most of the city is in Cleveland County, with a small eastern portion in Gaston County. With Ferguson dead and his Loyalist militia destroyed, Cornwallis was forced to abandon his plan to invade North Carolina and retreated into South Carolina. Later they executed nine Loyalist prisoners after a short trial. (At Waxhaws, Tarleton's horse was shot, pinning him to the ground and leading his men to believe their commanding officer had been killed under a white flag of surrender. It is shaped like a footprint with the highest point at the heel, a narrow instep, and a broad rounded toe. Descendants of the Battle of Kings Mountain. Then take the paved trail that leads through the battlefield itself.  About 1,100 volunteers from southwest Virginia and today's northeast Tennessee, known as the "Overmountain Men" because they had settled into the wilderness west of the Appalachian Mountains ridgeline, mustered at the rendezvous on September 25, 1780, at Sycamore Shoals near the modern city of Elizabethton, Tennessee. National Park Service Logo National Park Service. Start your visit at Kings Mountain by viewing the interpretive exhibits in the visitor center, which give more details about the battle described above. The Treaty of Lochaber, signed in 1770 between the British and the Cherokee, moved the boundary of British territory south to Long Island of the Holston (modern Kingsport, Tennessee). President Herbert Hoover at Kings Mountain said, This is a place of inspiring memories. The Battle of Kings Mountain on October 7, 1780, was a decisive Patriot victory and a turning point of the war in the South during the American Revolution.  They took about 700 Loyalist prisoners. In The Winning of the West, Theodore Roosevelt wrote of Kings Mountain, "This brilliant victory marked the turning point of the American Revolution." "Battle of King's Mountain - Ferguson's Death Charge." Kings Mountain City in North Carolina. Encouraged by his growing numbers, Ferguson demanded rebels in vicinity “desist from their opposition to British arms” or suffer Ferguson’s wrath. Map spot for Blacksburg, South Carolina. Coming after a series of disasters and humiliations in the Carolinas—the fall of Charleston and capture of the American army there, the destruction of another American army at the Battle of Camden, the Waxhaws Massacre—the surprising decisive victory at Kings Mountain was a great boost to Patriot morale.  Additionally, the destruction of Ferguson's command and the looming threat of Patriot militia in the mountains caused Lord Cornwallis to cancel his plans to invade North Carolina; he instead evacuated Charlotte and retreated to South Carolina.  During one of the charges, Colonel Williams was killed, and Colonel McDowell was wounded. In an attempt to rally his faltering men, Ferguson shouted out "Hurrah, brave boys, the day is ours! Kings Mountain National Military Park is a National Military Park near Blacksburg, South Carolina, along the North Carolina/South Carolina border. Achieving a complete surprise, the Patriot militiamen attacked and surrounded the Loyalists, inflicting severe casualties. The Loyalists camped on a ridge west of Kings Pinnacle, the highest point on Kings Mountain. The Patriot militia suffered 28 killed and 60 wounded. Ferguson’s command suffered 319 killed and wounded with 700 more taken prisoner. The figures in the text are those from a wayside at. Kings Mountain Horse Trail.  By September 10, Ferguson had established a base camp at Gilbert Town, North Carolina and, according to Shelby issued a challenge to the Patriot leaders to lay down their arms or he would "lay waste to their country with fire and sword. Ferguson had his militia line the the brow of the northern ridge while waiting for the Patriots. Ferguson was unaware that the Patriots had caught up to him and his 1,100 men. He had not thought it necessary to fortify his camp. The American Battlefield Trust and our members have saved more than 53,000 acres in 24 states! On October 1, Ferguson reached North Carolina's Broad River, where he issued another pugnacious public letter, calling the local militia to join him lest they be "pissed upon by a set of mongrels" (the Overmountain Men)..  Rebel spies reported Ferguson was making camp on Kings Mountain with some 1200 men. Our battle of kings mountain framed art prints ship within 48 hours, arrive ready-to-hang, and include a 30-day money-back guarantee.  The Loyalists suffered 290 killed, 163 wounded, and 668 taken prisoner. His death marked the end of organized resistance. Read the related article: The Overmountain Men and the Battle of Kings Mountain .  There he was confronted by an opposing rebel officer, who demanded a surrender from the major. OCTOBER 7, 1780. A significant number of the surrendering Loyalists were killed or wounded including the white flag emissary. Nine of the prisoners were hanged before Isaac Shelby brought an end to the proceedings. On September 2, Ferguson and the militia he had already recruited marched west towards the Appalachian Mountain hill country on what is now the Tennessee/North Carolina border.By September 10, he had est… No need to register, buy now! The Revolutionary War Trust's (formerly Campaign 1776) map of the Battle of Kings Mountain. New York: Dauber & Pine, 1929. By sunrise of the 7th, they forded the Broad River, fifteen miles from Kings Mountain. Jun 22, 2017 - Explore Kings Mountain Historical Muse's board "Kings Mountain History", followed by 150 people on Pinterest. Ferguson challenged rebel militias to lay down their arms or suffer the consequences. Show your pride in battlefield preservation by shopping in our store. Firing was difficult for the Loyalists, since the Patriots constantly moved using cover and concealment to their advantage. By September 30, they had reached Quaker Meadows, the Burke County, North Carolina home of the McDowell brothers, where they united with Benjamin Cleveland and 350 men. Needing to hurry, the Patriot militia put 900 men on horseback and rode for Kings Mountain. For reasons that are still unclear, Ferguson halted his march on October 6 and camped his forces atop Kings Mountain. In order to compare the tactics of the Battle of Kings Mountain with the tactics of the other battles of the American Revolution, one must consider the topography of the battlefield. At the climax of the battle, Ferguson was shot to death while trying to leave a charge. , While stopped on the Biggerstaff land, the rebels convicted 36 Loyalist prisoners. He was the only regular British soldier in the command, composed entirely of Loyalist Carolina militia, except for the 100 or so red-uniformed Provincials (enlisted colonials) The ironborn also took Missandei captive and delivered her to Cersei in King's Landing. List of American Revolutionary War battles, American Revolutionary War § War in the South, "Revolutionary War Historic Sites - Battle of Musgrove Mill - Musgrove Mill State Historic Site", "Gilbert Town: Its Place in North Carolina and Revolutionary War History", "The American Rifle: At the Battle of Kings Mountain", "Overmountain Victory Organization the Patriot Army at King's Mountain", Roan Mountain (Tennessee) Citizens Club – Overmountain Men Celebration, Lord Cornwallis and Major Ferguson NC state signs (offered by the American Revolutionary War Living History Center) with annual events held by the Town of Grover where Major Ferguson is celebrated as having camped and a NC state historical marker exists for such, Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness, Washington's crossing of the Delaware River, African Americans in the Revolutionary War, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Battle_of_Kings_Mountain&oldid=997257932, Battles of the American Revolutionary War in South Carolina, North Carolina in the American Revolution, Battles in the Southern theater of the American Revolutionary War 1780–1783, Massacres in the American Revolutionary War, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 December 2020, at 18:25. His task was to march to the old Tryon County area, raise and organize Loyalist units from the Tory population of the Carolina Backcountry, and protect the left flank of Lord Cornwallis' main body at Charlotte, North Carolina.  The Patriots lost only about four dead and twelve wounded. The …  His decision to halt the executions came after an impassioned plea for mercy from one of the Biggerstaff women, although accounts vary as to whether it was Martha Biggerstaff, Aaron's wife, or Mary Van Zant Biggerstaff, Benjamin's wife. Help save a crucial 22-acre tract on the battlefield where 14 African American soldiers earned the highest military honor in the land. The Overmountain Men were American frontiersmen from west of the Appalachian Mountains who took part in the American Revolutionary War.While they were present at multiple engagements in the war's southern campaign, they are best known for their role in the American victory at the Battle of Kings Mountain in 1780. Shelby and his Overmountain Men crossed back over the Appalachian Mountains and retreated back into the territory of the Watauga Association at Sycamore Shoals in present day Elizabethton, Tennessee, and by the next month on September 25, 1780, Colonels Shelby, John Sevier, and Charles McDowell and their 600 Overmountain Men had combined forces with Col. William Campbell and his 400 Virginia men at the Sycamore Shoals muster in advance of the October 7, 1780, Battle of Kings Mountain north of present day Blacksburg, South Carolina in North Carolina. Routes to the Battle of Kings Mountain, 1780. " Two parties, led by Colonels John Sevier and William Campbell, assaulted the mountain's "heel"—the smallest in area, but its highest point. They hurried to catch him. , After an hour of combat, Loyalist casualties were heavy.  Now 1400 strong, the Patriots marched to South Mountain, North Carolina, The five colonels leading the Patriot force (Shelby, Sevier, William Campbell, Joseph McDowell and Cleveland) chose William Campbell as the nominal commander, but they agreed that all five would act in council to command their combined army. Ferguson had arrived in North Carolina in early September 1780 to recruit troops for the Loyalist militia and protect the flank of Lord Cornwallis's main force. Battle of King’s Mountain During the American Revolution , Patriot irregulars under Colonel William Campbell defeat Tories under Major Patrick Ferguson at the Battle of King’s Mountain.  Kings Mountain is one of many rocky forested hills in the upper Piedmont, near the border between North and South Carolina. See more ideas about kings mountain, history, battle of kings mountain. Major Ferguson was appointed Inspector of Militia on May 22, 1780. The dead were buried in shallow graves and wounded were left on the field to die.  Campbell's cousin, Arthur Campbell, brought 200 more Virginians. Illustration. Kings Mountain is a rocky wooded hill on the border of North and South Carolina. , Meanwhile, two deserters from the Patriot militia reached Patrick Ferguson and informed him of the large body of militia advancing towards him. Ferguson got wind of Campbell’s gathering force and began to move toward Charlotte to rendezvous with Cornwallis. , No one in the Patriot army held command once the fighting started. On October 7, 1780, a small but significant battle took place on a rocky hilltop in western South Carolina known as Kings Mountain. The request did not reach Cornwallis until one day after the battle. Find local businesses, view maps and get driving directions in Google Maps. It was decided that Kings Mountain would be a more appropriate name since the community was the closest town to the historic Battle of Kings Mountain in York County. The victory achieved by brave fighting patriot frontiersmen, known as the Overmountain Men, Some Patriots gave no quarter until the rebel officers re-established control over their men; they were said to be seeking revenge for alleged killings by Banastre Tarleton's militiamen at the Battle of Waxhaws, under the slogan "Remember Tarleton's Quarter." Length: 30+ mile loop Type: Equestrain Trail Difficulty: Easy to Moderate Description: This easy to moderately difficult 30+ mile loop trail begins in Kings Mountain State Park and circles into Kings Mountain National Military Park, the site of a famous Revolutionary War battle. Descendants of the Battle of Kings Mountain. Your contribution today helps us make a difference. and "Give them Buford's play!" 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