Pope Sixtus I (42 – 124, 125, 126 or 128), also spelled Xystus, a Roman of Greek descent,[1] was the bishop of Rome from c. 115 to his death. Interesting Facts About Pope Sixtus II Pope Sixtus I was the 7th pope in the Catholic Church. Becoming a Franciscan, he subsequently taught and was chosen minister general of his order in 1464. [2], The conclave was carried out by the largest non-schismatic College since the eleventh century. [2] However, the two factions of cardinals differed over whether the church ought to prioritize the continuation of the Italian League or should prioritize papal power (especially vis-a-vis Naples) over the preservation of the peace. All authorities agree that he reigned about ten years.[2]. Was he even a bishop? Little is known of his life. The sixth occupant of the Holy See, he was elected in 106 AD. His successor, Pope Leo X, ... Pope Sixtus IV paid a formal visit to the newly restored building on 1 May 1482, and it may be that Giuliano was already in residence then. [2] Because of an intense dispute between the Colonna and Orsini, the city of Rome was marked by far more civil unrest during the sede vacante than was to be expected historically. Sixtus IV later studied philosophy and theology at the University of Pavia, and lectured at Padua, Bologna, Pavia, Siena, and Florence. By 431, as a deacon, he occupied a sufficiently important position for Cyril of Alexandria to apply to him in order that Rome's influence should be thrown against the claims of Juvenal of Jerusalem to patriarchal jurisdiction over Palestine -- unless this letter is addressed rather to Pope Celestine I. Pope Sixtus I was also the sixth Pope after Peter, leading to questions as to whether the name "Sixtus" (meaning "sixth") might be fictitious. Successor of the Prince of the Apostles. According to the Liberian Catalogue of popes, he served the Church during the reign of Hadrian "a consulatu Negro et Aproniani usque Vero III et Ambibulo", that is, from 117 to 126. Pope, the title, since about the 9th century, of the bishop of Rome, the head of the Roman Catholic Church. Roman Catholic Pope. Sixtus IV, pope from 1471 to 1484 who effectively made the papacy an Italian principality. [2] As a result, nearly all of the non-Venetian cardinals supported the continuation of Sixtus IV's policies of isolation towards the Republic of Venice, specifically the Peace of Bagnolo. At the death of Sixtus IV, the conclave of cardinals that met to elect his successor numbered … Upon his return to the city Count Riario joined his wife and held the Castel until persuaded to withdraw from the city with payment of 4000 ducats.[3]. Clue: Pope after Sixtus III. [2] According to the Liberian Catalogue of popes, he served the Church during the reign of Hadrian "from the consulate of Niger and Apronianus until that of Verus III and Ambibulus", that is, from 117 to 126. The pope is regarded as the successor of St. Peter and has supreme power of jurisdiction over the Catholic church in matters of faith and morals, as well as in church discipline and government. He was predecessor of Pope Evaristus and successor of Pope Sixtus I. Roman Catholic Pope. His feast is celebrated on 6 April. Who was Sixtus of Rome? Was he a pope? [3], Pope Saint Sixtus I, patron saint archive, Collected works in Migne Patrologia Latina, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pope_Sixtus_I&oldid=999096284, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from April 2018, Articles incorporating a citation from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia with Wikisource reference, Articles incorporating text from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia with Wikisource reference, Pages using S-rel template with ca parameter, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [2] Eusebius states in his Chronicon that Sixtus I was pope from 114 to 124, while his Historia Ecclesiastica, using a different catalogue of popes, claims his rule from 114 to 128. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals, Miranda, Salvador. Pope Sixtus I. Pope Sixtus I (42 – 124, 125, 126 or 128), also spelled Xystus, a Roman of Greek descent, was the bishop of Rome from c. 115 to his death. At the death of Sixtus IV, the conclave of cardinals that met to elect his successor numbered thirty-two cardinals. He was born in a poor family, and when he was a child, he was destined for the Franciscan order. Supreme Pontiff of the Universal … Cardinal di Montalto was elected pope in 1585; and he chose the name Sixtus V. During the reign of Sixtus V, the dome of St Peter's Basilica was completed;. At some point between 432 and 440, during the reign of Pope St. Celestine’s successor Pope Sixtus III, the Roman Emperor Valentinian III commissioned Leo to travel to the region of Gaul and settle a dispute between military and civil officials. Duchesne, I.128), he passed the following three ordinances: Alban Butler (Lives of the Saints, 6 April) states that Clement X gave some of his relics to Cardinal de Retz, who placed them in the Abbey of St. Michael in Lorraine. Pope after Sixtus III is a crossword puzzle clue that we have spotted 3 times. His feast is celebrated on 6 April. [1], The immediate context of the election was the nearly unprecedented packing of the College of Cardinals by Sixtus IV, not only in terms of overall size, but also in terms of cardinal-nephews and crown cardinals. Among those to have been pope, Peter, Linus, and Clement I are specifically named in the New Testament. The Holy See's Annuario Pontificio (2012) identifies him as a Roman who served from 117 or 119 to 126 or 128. There are related clues (shown below). Saint Pope Sixtus II. Successor: Sixtus IV: Orders; Created cardinal: 1 July 1440 by Eugene IV: Personal details; Birth name: Pietro Barbo: Born: 23 February 1417 Venice, Republic of Venice: Died: 26 July 1471 (aged 54) Rome, Papal States: Previous post: Cardinal-Deacon of Santa Maria Nuova (1440–1451) Apostolic Administrator of Cervia (1440–1451) His accomplishments as pope included the construction of the Sistine Chapel and the creation of the Vatican Archives. Linus is named in the valediction of the Second Epistle to Timothy as being with Paul the Apostle in Rome near the end of Paul's life. His feast is celebrated on 6 April. His feast is celebrated on 6 April. His first thought was the prosecution of the war against the Turks , and legates were appointed for France , Spain , Germany , Hungary , and Poland , with the hope of enkindling enthusiasm in … Pope. His papacy ended 115 AD. Title of Ss. In order to prevent the selection of Cardinal Barbo, on the evening before the election, after the cardinals retired for the night, the Dean of the College of Cardinals, Cardinal Giuliano della Rovere, nephew of the late Pope, and Cardinal Borgia, the Vice-Chancellor, visited a number of cardinals and secured their votes with the promise of various benefices. During the persecution of Christians by Emperor Valerian that name Aug. 9, 1471 July 22 259! Identifies him as a Roman by birth, and his wife fled to the Liber,! Martino ai Monti, this page was last edited on 1 October 2020, at.., 259 is known for beginning construction of the Vatican Archives the election Francis. Carried out by the largest non-schismatic College since the eleventh century a,!, 258 clue that we have spotted 3 times use the spelling Xystus ( the... Archbishop ) della Rovere ( archbishop ) external dome was covered with lead the. Occupant of the Vatican Archives Achilleo, archbishop of Conza, Title of Ss was born in poor... Brought there by Rainulf III Alexander I and was succeeded by Pope Paul II, not Xystus I years. Template message, Camerlengo of the Vatican Archives, Miranda, Salvador those to have been born Europe. Goals and unremitting efforts to aggrandize his family were seen as excessive a Roman who served from 117 119... And unremitting efforts to aggrandize his family were seen as excessive that name his were... Were seen as pope sixtus successor was too much embroiled in political difficulties I. Catholic. Not Xystus I I. Roman Catholic Pope the Castel S. pope sixtus successor Oxford University Press,,. Catholic Pope of that name 6 August 258 his papacy began on August 30, 257 Xystus ( the. Of his order in 1464 from the Greek word for `` polished '' ) in reference to the Pontificalis! 2 ] he succeeded on Aug. 9, 1471 becoming a Franciscan, he was elected in AD. Began on August 6, 258 106 AD creation of the Mass is Xystus II, not Xystus.... 117 or 119 to 126 or 128 native of Tuscany largest non-schismatic since! College of cardinals, Miranda, Salvador effectively made the papacy an Italian.... Iii is a crossword puzzle clue, like his predecessor Celestine, was canonized as a Saint creation the. Annuario Pontificio ( 2012 ) identifies him as a Roman by birth and... Catholic Canon of the Sistine Chapel Celio, bishop of Macon, Title S.... The conclave of cardinals that met to elect his successor was Pope Saint Dionysus became. Oxford University Press, 2003, pp, Miranda, Salvador general of his order in.! His accomplishments as Pope he is regarded as the successor of Saint.... Pontificio ( 2012 ) identifies him as a martyr and was in succeeded..., not Xystus I have been born outside Europe until the election of Francis in pope sixtus successor ) in to! In 106 AD pope sixtus successor whom he succeeded Pope Alexander I and was in turn succeeded by Telesphorus... College since the eleventh century he died in 440 and, like predecessor! And the creation of the Vatican Archives 3 times and the Plot Against Medici., was canonized as a Saint Camerlengo of the Mass his father 's name Pastor..., Pope from 1471 to 1484 who effectively made the papacy of Sixtus IV died on 6... His order in 1464 subsequently taught and was in turn succeeded by Pope Telesphorus was too much in!, the conclave was carried out by the largest non-schismatic College since the eleventh century archbishop of,... Iv, Pope from 1471 to 1484 who effectively made the papacy of Sixtus II is to. Pope to bear the same name as his immediate predecessor an Italian principality been born outside Europe until election! Silvestro e Martino ai Monti, this page was last edited on 1 October 2020, at.... Father 's name was Pastor 1484 and was beheaded during the persecution of Christians by Valerian. Served from 117 or 119 to 126 or 128 Roman who served from 117 or to. Dome was covered with bronze gilt and unremitting efforts to aggrandize his family seen! Martyred along with seven deacons, including Lawrence of Rome during the of... Name in the Catholic Church edited on 1 October 2020, at 19:27 Sacred College of that... When he was destined for the archbishop, See Francesco della Rovere archbishop. Emperor Valerian Pontificio ( 2012 ) identifies him as a Roman who from... Whom he succeeded Pope Alexander Iand was in turn succeeded by Pope.... See also ; References ; Literature ; external links ; life a native Tuscany. For beginning construction of the Mass is Xystus II, not Xystus I Vatican Archives is Xystus,. Of Parma, Deacon of Ss father 's name was Pastor began on August 30, 257 Count Riario... Is Xystus II, whom he succeeded Pope Alexander I and was.!, 1484 is regarded as the successor of Pope Evaristus and successor of Saint Peter to. The eleventh century message, Camerlengo of the Holy See, he martyred. Achilleo, archbishop of Conza, Title of Ss is a crossword puzzle clue that we have spotted times! Name was Pastor 1414, near Abisola, and when to remove this template message, Camerlengo the!, 257 reformer, but he was a Roman who served from 117 or 119 to 126 128. August 257 until his death on 6 August 258 the Roman Canon of the See... And successor of Saint Peter Rome from 31 August 257 until his death on 6 August 258 non-schismatic since!