This article is very important for various competitive exams like IAS/PCS/SSC/CDS etc. It can be considered a staple grain in many areas. top-dressing of nitrogen is not required. Q.6. origin is Abyssinia and from there it was brought to USA and European countries.Jowar is mainly concentrated in the peninsular and central India. The per hectare yield of jowar is lowest amongst cereals and less than one-third of wheat. kharif synonyms, kharif pronunciation, kharif translation, English dictionary definition of kharif. (a) Mustard (b) Coconut (c) Groundnut (d) Soya bean. For instance, Jowar, Bajra, Maize, Sugarcane, Cotton, Pulses, etc., are such plants that grow in the rainy season and so-known as Kharif crops.On the contrary, Oats, Wheat, Gram, Barley, etc., are such plants that grow in the winter season and so-termed as Rabi crops. In case of stock cut method the plants are cut from near the ground Kharif crops are harvested at the end of the monsoon season during September or October These crops are also known as Paddy crops Example – Paddy, Rice, Corn, Soyabean, Sugarcane, Maize, Groundnut, Cotton The main Kharif crops grown in India include paddy, maize, jowar, bajra, cotton, sugarcane, groundnut, pulses etc. panicle residues and chaff left after threshing. 2. It requires 4 to 5 months for maturity of the crop. Which of the following is a kharif crop and accounts for about half of the major oilseeds produced in the country? Requirement The main food crop of Kharif season is: (a) Mustard (b) Pulses (c) Rice (d) Wheat. With the onset of monsoon the land should be ploughed twice by country plough. Seeds of the se crops are sown in the beginning of the monsoon season. 11. a) HarvestingThe high yielding varieties mature in about 100-120 days duration harvested and leaving the soil exposed to sun until onset of monsoon is a common practice. Contact Us - E-mail : editor [at] Indiaagronet.com. (a) Mustard (b) Coconut (c) Groundnut (d) Soyabean (c) Groundnut 12. The crop requires good surface drainage. All the articles you read in this site are contributed by users like you, with a single vision to liberate knowledge. 1.0.1 Botanical Name of this Kharif crops-1.0.2 Other Name-1.0.3 Origin of Sorghum Kharif crops – 1.0.4 Geographical Distribution-1.0.5 Economic Importance – 1.0.6 Cultural Practices – 1.0.7 Field Preparation; 1.0.8 Application of fertilizers; 1.0.9 Sowing Method In northern India it is grown as a kharif crop but in the Deccan Plateau area two crops (rabi and kharif) are raised. Dry sowing just before onset of monsoon is the best. The timing and quantity of rainwater are the two important factors that decide the output of Kharif crops. The Rabi season usually starts in November and lasts up to March or April. It is a kharif where average mean temperature is high.However areas where average mean temperature doesn’t fall below 16°c jowar is a rabi there. Potash at the rate of 40kg/ha applied at the Jowar And Bajra Are A Kharif Crops B Rabi Crops C Zaid D All Of These Jowar and Bajra are: (a) Kharif crops (b) Rabi crops (c) Zaid (d) All of these Major Kharif crops are rice, maize, cotton, jowar, bajra etc. A crop is a plant that is cultivated or grown on a large scale. Sorghum originated in northern Africa, and is now cultivated widely in tropical and subtropical regions. Jowar is grown both as kharif as well as a rabi crop. It is grown as a Rabi crop and in some areas as a kharif crop, from the months of October to February. The rabi jowar occu­pies 36-38 per cent of the total area under the crop. A good sorghum soil must have an efficient drainage facilities though, it may withstand water logging more than maize. The main crops are paddy, maize, jowar, … After maturation, these crops are harvested at the end of the monsoon season (OctNov). either stalk-cut It is also said that its Only 5% of the area under sorghum in India is irrigated.Over 48% of the area under sorghum cultivation in the country is in Maharashtra and Karnataka. Ragi. c) Seed rate: These types of crops require warm and wet climate condition at major period of crop growth and also require short day for flowering. It is grown in rain fed areas with hot and humid climates, especially the eastern and southern parts of India. Which of the following is a kharif crop and accounts for about half of the major oilseeds produced in the country? Similarly, irrigated crop requires higher doses than rainfed ones no matter whether it is MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science with Answers was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern. However, in foreign countries sorghum In India, jowar plant is grown in areas with less than 100 cm rainfall and temperature ranging from 26 deg to 33 deg C. After wheat, the sorghum or jowar is the grain with the highest cultivable land in the country. Other states grow sorghum in small areas primarily for fodder. Paddy, Maize, Bajra, Millet, Cotton, Ragi, and Jowar are a few of the Kharif crops grown in India. These crops are usually sown at the beginning of the monsoon season around June and harvested by September or October. plants is quite satisfactory. Which of the following group of crops are known as beverage crops? ensured for proper moisture conditions so that the crop does not suffer from moisture Last week of June to first week of July is the optimum time of sowing. Jowar requires a rainfall of around 30 cm or more during its growth period. Rabi crop of sorghum should be sown around middle of September. Before publishing your Article on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Rice is the most important kharif crop of India. At the state level it ranges between 211 kg/ha in Haryana to 1010 kg/ha in Tamil Nadu (2000-01). Some of the important kharif crops are Paddy, Maize, Jowar, Bajra, tur (Arhar) and cotton. This article is a stub. are knee-height stage, flowering and grain filling stages at which the crop should be Q.8. Hence, sorghum is one of the major food crops in drought prone environments, but has great potential for crop improvement for food, feed, fodder and bio fuel production (FFFF). Unlike Rabi crops, Kharif crops require good rainfall. Main kharif crops are rice, maize, jowar, bajra, moong, cotton, jute and groundnut. Last week of June to first week of July is the optimum time of sowing. Being less remunerative wherever there is im­provement in irrigation and input facilities farmers shift over to rice, wheat and cash crops in place of jowar. scope exists. Answer. The major crops grown in kharif season include rice, jowar, bajra, groundnut, jute, cotton and pulses like moong etc. @ 0.5 kg a.i./ha or Propazine @1.0 kg a.i./ha dissolved in 900-1000 liters of water, July 19, 2020 July 19, 2020 [email protected] 0 … Let us take a look at these. jowar is highly nutritive crop as fodder. It is mainly a kharif season crop in north India. yielding and local varieties of irrigated crop should be 60-80kg/ha while for irrigated Spraying of Excessive moisture (above 100 cm) and prolonged droughts are harmful. Rabi crop of sorghum should be sown around middle of September. kharif crop are grown in monsoon months which are from June to November. On an average a dose of 40-60 kg P2O5/ha However, under Jowar is both a kharif and a Rabi crop. The seeds are sown about 3-4 cm deep in the furrows. Kharif crops depend on the rainfall patterns. kg/ha. 11. Q.7. Namely, Kharif and Rabi. cannot tolerate water accumulation for more than few hours, therefore, in low lying areas Answer: a. Rabi crops are the crops that are sown after the end of the monsoon, i.e. Engelska. Answer. It is grown both as a dry and an irrigated crop. Privacy Policy waterlogging at any stage of crop growth. It is grown as a Rabi crop and in some areas as a kharif crop… Following schedule may help in their control: higher seed rate removal & destruction of damaged seedlings 10-12 days after Required plant population may be obtained by using a seed rate of 8-12 germination. Kharif sorghum is generally sown with the onset of monsoon. Kharif Crop/ Monsoon Crop: The Crops are grown in the month of June- July, and harvesting is done in the month of Nov-Dec is known as a Kharif crop, this crops mainly depends on the monsoon for irrigation. is quicker and is practiced by majority of farmers who use to grow the crop on larger In these states, more than half of the total area under jowar mainly cultivates rabi jowar. 5. 1. The sowing time may vary in the different states of India as it depends on the arrival of monsoon, e.g. Jowar is a tropical crop. Q.7. sowing of crop on 5-7cm high ridges or sowing in flat beds followed by light earthing is a during the winter season. This is the reason Kharif season begins in Late May and ends Early August. local varieties need less quantity than hybrid ones. A. Jowar Shoot Fly. Sorghum plants are very hardy and can withstand high temperature and drought, however, it is grown in arid regions of U.P, Rajasthan and humid regions of Bengal and Bihar. Rabi crops- wheat, barley, oats, gram, mustard, linseed. After maturation, these crops are harvested at the end of the monsoon season (OctNov). It can also grow in arid regions. Hope It Helps ! (a) Mustard (b) Coconut (c) Groundnut (d) Soya bean. Kharif crop are grown in the beginning of monsoon and harvested in September and October. sown in the month of October to November. Buming of level, the stalks are tied into bundles of convenient removed from plants, while in later scale. of grannules of any of 4% Edosulfan @ 8kg/ha, 4% Carbaryl @ 12kg/ha or 2% Lindane @ 15 The fertilizer doses differ from type to type and soil for grain crop should be pulverised for a fine tilth by harrowing and cross Ragi is very rich in iron, calcium, other micro-nutrients and roughage. Jowar mainly cultivated for human food. The crop can be grown on a variety of soils ranging from heavy and light alluvium to red, grey and yellow loams and even sandy soils. Scientific Name: Atherigona soccata Rond. Which of the following crops is the main source of jaggary, khandsari and molasses? The Rabi crop is the spring harvest (also known as the "winter crop") in India and Pakistan. ), popularly known as jowar, Both rabi and kharif. The utilization of grain sorghum as a cattle feed, poultry Late sown crop is susceptible to shoot fly and midge. between Rabi and Kharif season - March to June These are Summer Crops, or also called as Zaid Crops Example - Cucumber, Watermelon, Bitter gourd (Karela) To Summarize Questions NCERT Question 2 - Match items in column A with those in column B Which are the important kharif crops? c) Storagethe harvested grains are sun-dried and storage is conventional. Answer: c. 7. The Kharif crops are associated with the monsoon season. Threshing of earheds is done either The main Kharif crops grown in India include paddy, maize, jowar, bajra, cotton, sugarcane, groundnut, pulses etc. Sorghum is the world's fifth most important cereal crop after rice, wheat, maize and barley. Content Guidelines kharif crops are those crops which grown in the season of monsoon therefore kharif crops are also known as rainy crops, monsoon crops or sometime autumn crops . ( Arhar ) and cotton crops sorghum as an irrigated crop sown crop is grown both as season! First break of monsoon in different parts of India stalk-cut or cutting of earheads by sickles are employed temperature. In sorghum crop is grown in kharif and a rabi crop is susceptible to Fly... V depicts gradual decline in the case of kharif crops famous kharif crops harvested! Tur ( Arhar ) and prolonged droughts are harmful and 70 % rabi., stem-borer and midges mainly and they cause a considerable reduction in and! 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